Which are the Countries Where Deciduous Forests are Found?, What does deciduous mean? In the field of botany, deciduous means trees, and plants that shed leaves or other parts when the said part reaches maturity. Where the petal, the leaf, or the fruit from the tree falls off once its purpose is a natural process. Which means that deciduous forests are those that have trees whose leaves shed on a yearly basis? You will be able to find deciduous forests in places where there are humid and warm summers and winters that are cold. We should all make an effort to find more about forests and the heartbreaking deforestation facts to be concerned about, after all, it is about keeping the world going for the generations to come, isn’t it?
As we have said earlier, deciduous forests are composed mainly of trees that lose their leaves every year with the change of seasons. This means that the climate of these trees is not extreme. However, these areas will go through four clearly discernible seasons in a year. Each season would result in a range of activity in the flora and fauna. You may not be able to see the most majestic trees in the world in each of the forests but depending on the region the deciduous forest in, there would some interesting tree types.
Countries Where Deciduous Forests are Found
Though deciduous forests can mostly be found in temperate zones, which go through four clearly defined seasons, you can also be found in tropical, sub-tropical, and savanna regions. You will find that deciduous forests are located in both the southern and northern hemispheres of the globe. However, if you want to find a concentration of deciduous forests, then you have to look at the northern hemisphere. Like some areas in North America, Europe, and some parts of Japan, Russia, and China.
When you look at the southern hemisphere, you will find some locations with deciduous forests, but they are smaller than the ones in the northern hemisphere. You can find deciduous forests in the southern regions of Asia and South Africa and in some parts of Australia. It goes without saying that the animal life in the south would be different from the north.
If you are looking at the most well-known locations of deciduous forests, then they include:
• The Great Smoky Mountains National Park in USA
• The Northeast Plains in China
• The Manchurian Mixed Forest in Asia
• The European Temperate Deciduous Broadleaf Forest in Europe
The precipitation level in deciduous forests: As the leaves in the deciduous forests keep falling from the trees, it naturally follows that the forest would require enough rainfall to be sustainable. This is because the growth of new leaves would definitely depend on the rain that the trees require. The rain also has to permeate the leaf cover to provide sustenance for the animals and plants under the cover of trees. Though it can rain around the year in deciduous forests, there can be some snowfall in certain regions where the deciduous forests are located.
Changing leaves in the deciduous forests: Since the leaves of the trees in deciduous forests fall on a regular basis, the plants and animals under the cover of the forest have to adapt to the changes. The change from complete sunshine to a cover of moisture needs to be adjusted to by the plants in the forest. One of the most remarkable features that one can see is the way the leaves in the forest keep changing colors. When temperatures start falling, the trees would start storing chlorophyll for later use, changing the color of the leaves. The trees would be using this chlorophyll to sustain themselves as the temperatures become colder.
Types of trees in the deciduous forests: As you may be aware, the trees that can grow in height will have more access to sunlight than the ones growing underneath.
The bigger tree stratum would consist of trees that would grow up to or more than 60 feet like Ash, Maple, Oak, Spruce, Walnut, Pine, Elm, Hickory, Birch, and Beech.
In the smaller tree stratum you can find Redbud and Dogwood trees.
In the shrub stratum, you should find spring ephemerals which grow in spring will flourish by gaining sustenance from the moisture and the light it can get from the sparse canopy of trees. You can also find other interesting flowering plants and Orchids, which have adapted to the way trees deliver sunshine to them. Other shrubs include Rhododendrons, Azaleas, Daurian Rose, Asian Ginseng, Primrose, and Hazel.
In the herb category, you can find lady fern, various herbs, and wildflowers.
The ground stratum includes club moss, lichen carpet moss, tawny milk cap mushrooms, etc., that can flourish in the moist floor of the forest.
As you can imagine all the locations where you can find deciduous forests would also have some interesting animal life.