“It’s the punishment of god” that’s what people used to think about the occurrence of volcanoes. But, it’s known to everyone that why, where and how volcanoes occur. The ever-changing geological activity beneath the earth crust might happen anytime in many years or might happening, right now anywhere in world. Knowing nature’s fury and geological events is kind of fun and awareness. Let’s check out the most dangerous active volcanoes in world and let us know more active volcanoes to expand the list given below.
These devastating events have wrecked havoc on humans many times and still not going to stop, nobody can either. Salute to the wisdom and bravery of people who have been living in the shadows of such mountains.
Most dangerous Active volcanoes in world
Mauna Loa, Hawaii:
It’s been considered as largest volcanoes on earth with gentle slops and is a active shield volcano. This volcano has been considered as decade volcano by international association of volcanology and chemistry of earth’s interior. The interesting fact- it’s been erupting for more than 700,000 years and lava is silica-less and non-explosive.
Mount Merapi, Indonesia:
This active volcano has erupted since 1548 and is an active stratovolcano. The name, Merapi means the ‘mountain of fire’. The people living there believe that earth is not the place only for humans but for the spirits as well. And they strongly want to keep quiet the volcano, since this mountain located on border in between Java and Yogyakarta so they bring offerings on the anniversary of sultan ‘Yogyakarta’.
This volcano is under orange alert ‘level 3’ after the September 2015. The current activity of this volcano became more popular in 1955 and since then it erupts every year but later on, an observatory was set up for monitoring in 1960. Regular monitoring is needed since it’s a place with dense population.
Mount Nyiragongo, D.R of congo:
With the elevation of 3470 m high this huge mountain is located inside Virunga national park. The main crater contains a lava lake and is most voluminous known lava lake in region. Unfortunately, the carbon dioxide toxicity has killed children and people and still gas seeping could lead to an eruption.
Its height rises 14,029 ft above the sea level. After the devastating eruption of 1993 which killed more than 10 people, scientists and geologists stated that it’s actually an active volcano in Colombia. Latest eruption has happened in 2010 so evacuated more than 8 thousand people.
Thankfully, eruption was a non- explosive event.
This dangerous volcano belongs to the ‘campanian volcanic arc’ which is in the gulf of Naples.
The worst eruption was happened in AD 79 which destroyed the roman cities. Eruption included ashes, dark black clouds of gases and spewing molten rock which released the thermal energy more than Hiroshima bombing. Wasn’t it so thrilling and devastating?
This harsh mountain has erupted frequently since last glacial period, 2010. The mountain stands 1,651 meters high and has a deep crater of more than 3 kilometers in diameter. The word ’jokull’ within name itself, meaning ice cap and in 2010, the eruption was explosive due to the melt water getting into vent.
Despite the recent major eruption, which was in 1947, this mountain has been erupting more than 15 times since 1519. Usual eruptions are explosive with throwing superheated rocks in air. Due to its volcanic activity, glaciers nearby it have been decreasing in size which is surely the resultant of high temperature of lava.
Mount Etna, Italy:
This one is the tallest active volcano in Europe, 10,922 ft, however, its height varies with the several eruptions. It covers the circumference of 140 km and hence known as largest among the three volcanoes in Italy. The eruption endangered the alpine-style hotel, which is a tourist hub on volcano but thankfully its direction was diverted.
Let’s admit it as most active and dangerous volcano on earth. Though, it’s 4,090 high but still growing with every activity and eruptions. In 1952, it became active and eruption went so high that it was nearly a lava fountain, 800 feet high. The volcanic eruptions have been wrecking havoc with spreading ashes, hot lava and explosive dust with several events, so, is still considered as the active volcano.
Eruptions are mainly dependent on many factors such as, earth quake, moving of plates and increase in temperature and pressure in crust. Geologists and scientists have been revealing the reasons and causes of occurrence of volcanoes. Humanity loves and respects to this every act of Mother Earth, and so there are many tourists hub near volcanoes to appreciate and feel what earth can do and does. Where would you love to visit and explore volcano? Have fun and explore with these most dangerous active volcanoes in world.